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The Bush administration has never disguised its contempt for the Kyoto protocol, which aims to curb global warming. George Bush pulled out of the climate change deal on arriving in office, saying it would place unacceptable limits on American growth. The president was not prepared to contemplate changing the way Americans produced and consumed energy. (AFP file photo)...





Greenhouse gases are to be cut by 2%







[U S citizen]

A poster makes the Indian prime minister's point







The world again meets to deal with global warming

The increase in the number of floods and droughts in the world has placed new emphasis on global warming.

little George is an "oil man" and so he is refuses to acknowledge the fact that global warming is a problem.

It is possible that global warming may shift the bread belt of the United States north to Canada or south to Mexico.

People are going to starve because of the changing climate.  Countries that are barely able to feed themselves are going to experience massive starvation if the world does not begin to address the causes of global warming.  

The potential problems created by Saddam Hussein are nothing compared to an entire country experiencing years of drought or flooding.  Saddam may be able to kill a couple of thousand people with the weapons he allegedly has but the weather can kill millions.

The environment must be given consideration as the world continues to develop economically.  How can the global society cause the hunger and starvation of billions for the convenience that oil gives to millions?

John WorldPeace
October 31,  2002

Dirty dealing in Delhi

Bush bullies the world on climate change

Thursday October 31, 2002
The Guardian

The Bush administration has never disguised its contempt for the Kyoto protocol, which aims to curb global warming. George Bush pulled out of the climate change deal on arriving in office, saying it would place unacceptable limits on American growth. The president was not prepared to contemplate changing the way Americans produced and consumed energy. So the United States continues to burn coal, oil and gas - which lifts carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. This is slowly cooking the earth's weather system - altering it, perhaps irrevocably, and ensuring floods and droughts appear more frequently. Although the president's team have belatedly been forced to accept the phenomena of climate change, they have done little about it. The US remains a country which is powered by coal, where people instinctively drive rather than walk and where masses let the plane take the strain. George Bush's message, which echoes his father's, is clear: the American way of life is not up for negotiation.

But in withdrawing from the protocol, Mr Bush also agreed not to undermine it. Now, it seems the US is doing just that. The latest round of climate-change talks in Delhi, the last before the treaty is ratified, is now expected to produce a declaration which neglects to mention the Kyoto protocol. Although drafted by the Indian government, fingers are already being pointed at the Bush administration for the glaring omission. These tactics are not new. The White House was instrumental in ousting the chairman of the influential scientific body which advises governments on climate change - after his success at moving climate change up the political agenda. The US withdrawal has also unsettled the Russians and the Canadians, concerned that in the absence of the world' s biggest polluter, the US, Kyoto's emissions-trading regime would be worthless.

Kyoto is not an end in itself. Its targets are ultimately more symbolic than scientific in value. As Tony Blair pointed out at the earth summit, the protocol "only slows the present rate of damage. To reverse it, we need to reduce dramatically the level of pollution". The prime minister's insight is that the world needs to rely less on fossil fuels, which have fuelled industrial development for two centuries and now account for three-quarters of the globe's fuel intake. Until now, the world has relied on the collapse of the ex-Soviet economies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Hence Europe's attempt to move to increasing the amount of energy used from renewable sources such as the wind and the sun. The European Union is also pouring money into new technologies like hydrogen, and starting to introduce taxation regimes which tax polluters - such as motorists. Such measures will encourage fast-industrialising countries like China and India, with billions of people, not to repeat the mistakes the west made.

Unless something is done, experts predict that by 2010 emissions from OECD countries will be around 29% higher than the target committed to in Kyoto. While the protocol may have its faults, it also reflects an endeavour by nation states to realise common goals. Climate change is a slow and fitful process, but the world cannot wait and let it happen before acting. The resulting weather patterns will hit the developing world first and worst. Developed countries should therefore dig deep into their pockets as they have been the largest emitters of greenhouse gases. While the effects are uncertain and Kyoto inadequate, climate change needs action - from the United States above all others.

Wednesday, 30 October, 2002, 14:27 GMT

India rejects climate change pressure

India has rejected pressure on poor nations to step up efforts to tackle global warming by cutting greenhouse gas emissions.

In comments at a UN meeting on climate change in Delhi, Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee argued that countries like India produced only a fraction of the total greenhouse gas emissions, and could not afford the extra costs of cutting them.

More than 170 countries are attending the meeting and are already divided over what should be included in the final resolution.

The meeting - the eighth in the UN climate change process - is designed to prepare the way for ratification of the Kyoto Protocol next year which is intended to halt global warming.

'Fragile economies'

Opening the ministerial talks at the conference, the Indian prime minister said poor countries should not be set targets for cutting greenhouse gas emissions.

At the moment, the Kyoto protocol does not set emission levels for developing countries.

"Climate change mitigation will bring additional strain to the already fragile economies of the developing countries and will affect our efforts to achieve higher GDP growth rates to eradicate poverty speedily."

He said India's per capita greenhouse gas emissions were only a fraction of the world average, and below that of many developed countries.

Delegates are divided on the text of the Delhi Declaration, which will sum up the discussions of the 10-day meeting.


As drafted at present, the declaration excludes any reference to the Kyoto Protocol, which is due to be implemented next year and which sets targets to cut the emission of greenhouse gases and restrict global warming.

The final declaration is said to concentrate more on how countries should prepare and adapt for climate change rather than stop it happening.

Environmental groups say this is an attempt to water down the provisions of the protocol.

Delegates from the European Union are arguing that the declaration should be much stronger in its wording and should include specific reference to Kyoto.

India 'accused'

The Indian Government, the hosts of the conference, want the declaration to stress that developing countries are most vulnerable to drought and flooding and other effects of climate change.

BBC Science correspondent Richard Black says some environmental groups have accused the Indians of watering down the agreement to please the US.

The accusation follows charges a few months ago that the US engineered the election of Indian scientist Rajendra Pachauri as head of the Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change.

Critics say Dr Pachauri follows the US line on global warming - something which he denies.

PM flays developed nations over climate change issue Press Trust of India

New Delhi, October 30

Hitting out at the industrial nations for demanding greater commitments from developing countries for preventing climate change, Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee on Wednesday said the suggestion was "misplaced" in view of lower green house gas emissions and per capita incomes in the third world.

"There have been suggestions that a process should commence to enhance commitments of developing countries on mitigating climate change beyond that included in the convention. This suggestion is misplaced for several reasons", Vajpayee told the eighth UN Conference on Climate Change in New Delhi.

Asking the advanced nations to pump more funds to enhance capacity building in developing countries, Vajpayee said developing countries do not have adequate resources even to meet their basic human needs.

"Climate change mitigation will bring additional strain to the already fragile economies of the developing countries", he said.

Maintaining that the contribution of all developing countries to greenhouse gas concentrations is very little compared to industrialised nations, the Prime Minister said "tragically, however, developing countries will bear a disproportionate burden of the adverse impacts of climate change".

He said the GHG intensity of the developing economies at purchasing power parity is low and, in any case, not higher than that of the industrialised countries. "Thus the assertion that developing countries generate GHG emissions is not based on facts".

Demanding equal per capita rights to global environmental resources, Vajpayee said "we do not believe that the ethos of democracy can support any norm other than this".

Noting that per capita incomes in the developing world were only a small fraction of those in industrialised nations, he said additional strain to already fragile economies of developing countries on account of climate change mitigation would affect their efforts to achieve higher GDP growth to eradicate poverty speedily.

It was, therefore, necessary to pay adequate attention to the concerns of the developing countries on vulnerability and adaptation issues in the convention process, he said.

Describing agriculture, food and nutritional wellbeing and weather-related economic loss as among the key areas of adaptation, he said "there is a need for strengthening the capacity of developing countries in coping with extreme weather events, which are increasing in frequency and severity due to climate change".

Welcoming the operationalisation of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), Vajpayee asserted that coal would continue to be the most important source of energy in India in the foreseeable future even as the government was promoting many technological innovations for energy efficiency and reducing its environmental impact.

"Our energy policies are ensuring rapid progress towards market-determined energy pricing, conservation of forests and wildlife and participation of local communities in forest management", he said adding that "as a cumulative effect of all these policies and measures, the energy intensity of our GDP has been declining steadily".

Describing Indian economy as one of the fastest growing in the world, the Prime Minister said "the major part of this growth is due to service sectors, including information technology, bio-technology and media and entertainment" in which energy consumption is low.

The Prime Minister reaffirmed India's deep commitment to sustainable development saying the country had the most active renewable energy programme in the world, besides promoting various energy efficiency measures in industrial, commercial, Governmental and domestic sectors to operationalise CDM.

Listing out various renewable energy efficiency measures taken by India, he said "we are among the leading nations in wind power production, vigorously promoted the use of solar energy in both thermal and electricity generation modes and steadily increasing the share of hydropower and natural gas in our energy mix".

By Tim Hirsch
BBC environment correspondent

A new action plan to prevent further destruction of the Amazon rainforest is being launched at a conference in London on Thursday.

Academics and environmental groups are warning that the world's climate could be seriously threatened if current plans to develop the forest are allowed to continue.

Logging and cattle ranching in recent decades have already removed an area the size of France from the Amazon forest, which was once as big as the whole of Western Europe.

A report setting the scene for the conference warns that current plans by the Brazilian government could destroy nearly half of the remaining forest in two decades, through a combination of dams flooding huge areas and the clearing of land to grow soya beans.


Recent research suggests that the Amazon is even more important to the world's climate than previously thought.

Not only does it soak up vast quantities of carbon dioxide which adds to the greenhouse effect if it's released through burning, but destruction of the forest is now thought to affect rainfall patterns across wide areas of the world.

The campaigner Bianca Jagger will present the new action plan to provide financial incentives to South American governments to curb further development of the forest.

How can we manifest peace on earth if we do not include everyone (all races, all nations, all religions, both sexes) in our vision of Peace?

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